Cyclists are permitted to ride on the roads, on bike paths and on shared footpaths. They are generally are not allowed to ride on pedestrian footpaths unless supervising a child under 12 years old. When on the Road they must obey all road rules including for example Traffic Control Signals or Signs or when a tram stops, cyclists must stop at the rear of the tram until the tram doors have closed. They are also subject to some additional rules including that they are required to face forwards and have at least one hand on the handlebars and they may only carry passengers if they ride on a passenger seat. They must give way to pedestrians crossing the road they are turning into whether there are lights or not. Cyclists must signal with their right hand when they are turning right or moving to the right. They are not required to signal when turning left. Failure to obey the rules may result in fines although there is no demerit system for cyclists. Interestingly a person who is intoxicated and riding in a public place cannot be charged with drink driving or drug offences but may be charged with another offence, such as being drunk in a public place (Section 13 of the Summary Offences Act) or being drunk and disorderly in a public place (Section 14 of the Summary Offences Act).
Cyclists must wear a helmet of an approved type unless medically exempt and the helmet must be securely fitted and fastened and must display the mark of compliance with the Australian standard and the symbol of an accredited company. Cyclists in Victoria are also required to have at least one functioning brake and a horn, bell or another warning signal. When riding at night, cyclists are required to have a white light of the front, a red light on the back and a red reflector on the back. The lights must be visible from 200 metres away
Cyclists in Victoria can ride next to one other cyclist on any road as long as they aren’t more than 1.5 meters apart. They are allowed to ride on a pedestrian footpath if you have a medical certificate stating that you have a disability that makes it difficult for you to ride on the road or a child (under 12) and an adult supervising, all cyclists must keep left and give way to pedestrians. Where there is a bicycle lane provided, cyclists must use it unless it is not practical to do so. Motorists are not allowed to drive cars in the bike lane unless there is a sign indicating that they can do so, or they are using the lane for 50 metres or less to turn at an intersection, drop of a passenger, overtake or enter or leave the road. Motorists using the bike lane must give way to cyclists in the bike lane. Cyclists are only allowed to use phones while riding if they are making or receiving phone calls or using the phone’s audio function and the phone is either secured to the bike in a commercially designed holder or in the rider’s pocket. Use of a phone’s GPS function while riding is only permitted if the phone is secured in a commercially designed holder.